DESCRIPTION OF THE RISK FACTORS OF ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION (ARI) IN UNDER-FIVES IN THE AREAS WORK UPTD PUSKESMAS KARANGKOBAR YEAR 2022

  • Bayu Suseno Polytechnic of Banjarnegara
Keywords: characteristics, environmental influences, and family behavior

Abstract

UPTD Karangkobar Health Center is one of the health centers in Banjarnegara Regency which
still has ARI problems. Based on observations from January to March 2022, the prevalence of ARI is
still quite high. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the risk factors for acute
respiratory infections (ARI) in children under five in the working area of UPTD Puskesmas
Karangkobar. This research is included in descriptive research with cross sectional method. The
population in this study were toddlers with ARI in the working area of UPTD Puskesmas Karangkobar
who had checked themselves to the Puskesmas in the period January-March 2022, namely 60 toddlers
with a random sampling technique. The data used in this study are primary data obtained from
questionnaires and field observations and secondary data from the UPTD of Karangkobar Health
Center. The results showed that most of the patients with ARI were male (51,7%). The highest toddler
age is 2-5 years (76,7%). The highest BBL is normal BBL (96,7%). The most nutritional status is the
good category (96,7%). Most of the immunization status is complete (98,3%). Most of the air pollution
is still present (91,7%). Good ventilation is eligible (60%). The density of non-dense occupancy meets
the requirements (71,7%). Humidity is not good (96,7%). The behavior of parents or family is very
good (86%).The conclusion from the study of patients with ARI in infants who did not meet the
requirements, namely the variables of air pollution and humidity. It is hoped that the community,
especially caregivers of toddlers, will pay more attention to the conditions of the surrounding
environment.

Published
08-08-2023
Section
Articles